Discussions of Swammerdam’s work
Swammerdam’s science

His life and work

Nerve function


Bees and ants

"The Bible of Nature"

Amazing drawings

Techniques and microscopy


Swammerdam’s life



A fake “portrait”

Science in society

Empiricism and religion

Mysticism and modern science

Illustrations and their meaning

Swammerdam in culture

Swammerdam's world

Friends and contemporaries

Contemporary accounts

On-line resources

Under construction:

Discussions of Swammerdam’s work

A bibliography of Swammerdam's works


The page is under construction.

Adelmann, A. (1966) Marcello Malpighi and the Origins of Embryology (Ithaca: Cornell), 5 vols.

Belloni, L. (1968) ‘Stensen-Andenken in Italien’, Analecta Medico-Historica, 3:171-180.

Canguilhem, G. (1977) La formation du concept de réflexe aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles. (Paris: Vrin).

Cobb, M. (2001) Wondrous order. Nature 413:779. For a PDF file click here.

Cobb, M. (2002) Exorcizing the animal spirits: Jan Swammerdam on nerve function. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 3:395-400. For a PDF file click here.

Cobb, M. (2002) Jan Swammerdam on social insects: a view from the seventeenth century. Insectes Sociaux 49:92-97.

Cobb, M. (2002) Malpighi, Swammerdam and the colourful silkworm: Replication and visual representation in early modern science. Annals of Science 59:111-147.

Cole, F. J. (1944) A History of Comparative Anatomy (London: Macmillan).

Cole, F. J. (1950) ‘The “Biblia Naturæ” of Swammerdam’, Nature, 165:511.

Cole, F. J. (1951) History of micro-dissection, Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 138:159-187

Dade, H. A. (1972) Jan Swammerdam, M.D., (1637-1680) and his studies of the anatomy of the honeybee. Bee World 53: 135-141.

Daston, L. and Park, K. (1998) Wonders and the Order of Nature 1150-1750 (New York: Zone Books).

de Wilde, J. (1977) The legacy of Jan Swammerdam. Proc. 8th Congr. IUSSI:7-9.

Dodd, V. (1980) Swammerdam, the manic doctor from Amsterdam. Am. Bee J. 120:454-456.

Fearing, F. (1930) Reflex Action: A Study in the History of Physiological Psychology. (Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins).

Foster, M. (1901) Lectures on the History of Physiology During the Sixteenth, Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. (Cambridge: CUP).

Fournier, M. (1996) The Fabric of Life: Microscopy in the Seventeenth Century (Baltimore, John Hopkins)

Freeman, R. B. (1962) ‘Illustrations of insect anatomy from the beginning to the time of Cuvier’, Medical and Biological Illustration, 12

Hodgson, E. S. (1990) Long-range perspectives on neurobiology and behavior. Amer. Zool. 30:403-505.

Jardine, L. (1999) Ingenious Pursuits (London: Little & Brown)

Jaynes, J. (1970) The problem of animate motion in the seventeenth century. J. Hist. Ideas. 31:219-234 .

La Berge, A. (1999) The history of science and the history of microscopy, Perspectives on Science 7:111-142.

Lux D. S. and Cook, H. J. (1998) ‘Closed circles or open networks?: Communications at a distance during the scientific revolution’, History of Science, 36:179-211.

Meyer, A.W. (1939) The Rise of Embryology. (Stanford: Stanford University Press).

Pinto-Correia, C. (1995) The Ovary of Eve: Egg and Sperm and Preformation (Chicago: University of Chicago Press)

Pubols, B. H. (1959) Jan Swammerdam and the history of reflex action. Am. J. Pyschol. 72:131-135.

Pyle, C. M. (2000) ‘Art as science: scientific illustration, 1490-1670 in drawing, woodcut and copper plate’, Endeavour, 24 :69-75.

Roger, J. (1963) Les Sciences de la Vie dans la Pensée Française au XVIIIe Siècle (Paris: Albin Michel). Partially translated as: Roger, J. (1998) The Life Sciences in Eighteenth-Century French Thought. (Stanford: Stanford University Press)

Ruestow, E. G. (1996) The Microscope in the Dutch Republic: The Shaping of Discovery (Cambridge, CUP)

Stillings, D. (1975) Did Jan Swammerdam beat Galvani by 134 years? Med. Instr. 9:226.

Thorndike, L. (1929) A History of Magic and Experimental Science (New York: Columbia University Press)

Wilson, C. (1995) The Invisible World: Early Modern Philosophy and the Invention of the Microscope (Princeton, PUP)